Collagen supplementation is one of the most fundamental things a person can do to prevent premature aging and promote youthful vitality. Understanding collagen begins with knowing that it is truly the glue that holds the body together; it is the building block for all our body's major systems.
Although abundant in our youth, the body's natural collagen production typically slows at a rate of 1.5% per year after the age of 25. As this collagen production slows, the collagen fibers in the body become brittle and begin to break down resulting in many of the tell-tale signs of aging, such as loose, flaccid skin, wrinkles, ligament and tendon injuries and osteoarthritis.
Collagen Types 1 & 3: For Hair, Skin, Nails, and Bones
Over 90 percent of collagen in the body is comprised of Type 1 & 3 Collagen.
There are 19 amino acids (proteins) found in Collagen Types 1 & 3 – each essential to functions and maintenance within skin, muscles, and bones. These types are produced by fibroblasts (cells in connective tissues) and osteoblasts (cells that make bones).
Proteins in these types include glycine, proline, alanine, and hydroxyproline.
Collagen Types 1 & 3 may:
- Minimize fine lines and wrinkles
- Improve elasticity
- Support the bone matrix (36% of bone is made up of collagen Type 1 & 3)
- Correct weak or damaged nail beds
- Thicken fine hair, slows hair loss
- Improve circulation
- Promote glycine production which builds leans muscle and helps burn fat during sleep
Collagen Type 2: For Joint and Cartilage Support
Collagen Type 2 protein consists of 18 amino acids, that parallel the amino acid profile of the joint cartilage.
It's oral ingestion appears to result in less inflammation in instances of osteoarthritis and rheumatism and benefits to joint health.
Collagen Type 2:
- Makes up 50-60% of protein in cartilage
- Makes up 85-90% of collagen in articular cartilage
- May reduce popping knees
- May support back, jaw, and joints
- Includes glucosamine, chondroitin, and hyaluronic acid
Why Collagen Type 1 & 3 and Collagen Type 2 should not be combined?
Collagen Type 1 & 3 and Collagen Type 2 should not be combined due the types having different amino acid profiles. If taken together, the two proteins will bind and form a complete protein and the body will not recognize it as collagen. It is recommended that if you want to take both sources of collagen protein, it should be done at least an hour apart.
Why supplement with collagen if it already naturally occurs in the body?
Over time, the ideal levels of collagen our bodies naturally produce begin to wane. Collagen fibers break down or no longer regenerate, and lead to a “deflation” effect on the surface of the skin.
The diminishing effects of reduced collagen Type 2 are less obvious and often go unnoticed or are considered “normal” for the aging process.
Research indicates that by the age of 40, the body’s ability to produce collagen decreases by 25%. By age 60, it has decreased by over 50%.
Good quality collagen supplements are considered by many people to be an effective and safe way to ensure that your body is getting enough of the essential proteins it needs to keep you looking vibrant and young!